Dominic McIver Lopes, Pictures and the Representational Mind, Monist 86.4 (2003): 35-52. Reprinted in Italian translation in Discipline Filosofiche 25 (2005) 59-80
Here are three questions we may ask about pictures: (1) what is a picture? (2) how do pictures come to represent objects and scenes? and (3) what is the nature of the experiences we have of objects and scenes in pictures? An answer to (1) is a theory of pictures; an answer to (2) is a theory of pictorial representation; and an answer to (3) is a theory of pictorial experience. Recent discussions of pictures implement one of two approaches. Experiential approaches seek a theory of pictorial representation in a theory of pictorial experience while non-experiential approaches take a theory of pictorial representation to be prior to and part of a theory of pictorial experience. I argue that experiential approaches cannot work and I defend non-experiential approaches against some objections.