Dominic McIver Lopes, Art Without 'Art,' British Journal of Aesthetics 47 (2007) 1-15

Some argue that there is no art in some non-western cultures because members of those cultures have no concept of art. Others argue that members of some non-western cultures have concepts of art because they have art. Both arguments assume that if there is art in a given culture then some members of the culture have a concept of art. There are reasons to think that this assumption is false; and if it is false, there are lessons to learn for cross-cultural studies of art both in anthropology and philosophy.