Dominic McIver Lopes, Picture This: Image-Based Demonstratives, Philosophical Perspectives on Depiction, ed. Catharine Abell and Katerina Bantinaki (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)
Settling down after the big meal at the family reunion brings on a little nostalgia. Out come the photo albums. As the pages turn, you see familiar faces as they looked long ago. One photo shows a surprisingly sexy young woman, and you exclaim, "That's Aunt Jane!" What you say is true. The explanation is this: what you say is true in part because the picture puts you in the same kind of position with respect to Aunt Jane as the position you are in when you see her face to face. In general, (DR) Pictures perceptually ground demonstrative reference to depicted objects. This chapter makes a case for DR.